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  最近几年的四级作文题基本上都是讲求考生就某种现实景况或意见发表自个儿的观念,内容多是考生所熟悉的社会紧俏话题或博士生活主题素材。写好四级作文有三个关键点:第生机勃勃,依据意大利语的表述习贯来布局撰写结构;第二,用自个儿熟识的韩文词汇、句式和句型正确地写出自个儿的见解和观念。由此,老师将固守承上启下的构造布局,为大家详细介绍一下创作中常用的显要涉及词汇、短语、句式及句型,好为大家四级写作提供低价的材质。

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  • 二零一五年考研国家线已发表
  • 34校2014考研复试线已公布
  • 二零一五全国各市大学调治将养消息平台
  • 二零一五大学考研调弄整理消息宣布办法
  • 二〇一五年报考学士考生发布调治将养意向区

  (一)起

生机勃勃、初始句型

  2015考研[微博]复试已经在各大大学断断续续启幕,比非常多过初试的考生已经带头了不安的复试希图,让大家最为顾忌的是俄语复试的备考。能还是无法获得最终的功成名就,German复试是贰个生死攸关。

  观点(现象性):

1.As far as …is concerned 就……而言

  毛遂自荐还足以提前背少年老成背,可如若抽到一个随便的话题让我们实行陈说的话,就能有自然的难度。这里老师就给大家介绍三种展开话题的法子,希望大家能够利用上,使自身的言语表明更为的留芳百世流畅有逻辑。

  1. When it comes to…, different people hold different views. Some
argue that…, while others believe that…

2.It goes without saying that… 同理可得,…

  一、因果法

  2. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that…

3.It can be said with certainty that… 可以确定地说……

  因果法是用来分解“为啥”的主题材料。大家能够依照两个结果去演绎其缘由,要以事实和证据为基于,前后进度要合乎逻辑和规律。比如:“你怎么考研”?Why
do you choose to take the postgraduate exams?There are several reasons
why i took the postgraduate exams.Firstly, I have been deeply impressed
by the atmosphere here. The second reason is I want to be a social
worker. Thirdly, I think further study is still urgent for me.

  3. Nowadays, it is generally believed that…, but I doubt whether…

4.As the proverb says, 正如谚语所说的,

  常用因果联系词: because of, because, since, seeing that, the reason
why, on account of, due to, thus, hence, therefore, accordingly,
consequently, so that, as a result of, in consequence of, result from,
lead to, so… as to, owing to, to have an effect on, for the reason, in
this way, thanks to等。

  4. As is known to all, …(谚语或名言). A case in point is that…

5.It has to be noticed that… 它必须注意到,…

  二、定义法

  描述性:

6.It‘s generally recognized that… 它遍布以为…

  定义法能够用来论述“是怎么样”的主题素材,即用风流倜傥段话来注脚表达某些抽象的概念或具体育赛事物的性质、特征、用途、原理等。比方:What
is honesty? 大家得以用如下格局来开展演讲:Honesty means telling the
truth and being fair and upright in action. It is a good virtue. One who
cheats is dishonest. Those who gain fortunes not by hard labor, but by
other means are dishonest.

  1. One of the most serious problems our country is faced with
nowadays is …

7.It‘s likely that … 那说不定是因为…

  常用关联词汇: what is…, to be defined as, the definition of …
is, to be used to describe, this means, be explained, state that, in
other words, namely等。

  2. As we can easily see from the above graph, the figure of …has
nearly decreased/increased …times, compared with…

8.It‘s hardly that… 那是很难的……

  三、例证法

  3. From… to …, great changes have taken place in…

9.It‘s hardly too much to say that… 它差十分的少平昔不太多的说…

  例证是为着验证大旨而存在的。当大旨为理论性或概述的论点时,就需求通过例如或例证来加以接济,以说服听者,同有的时候候要注意逻辑严密。举个例子:In
many countries, cigarette is restricted in many ways. For example, in
Britain, cigarettes are not allowed to be advertised on TV or radio.

  (二)承

10.What calls for special attention is that…亟待极其注意的是

  例证常用的关联词: for example, for instance, for one thing, for
another, to illustrate, one example is, first, second, furthermore,
besides, in addition, moreover, finally,a case in point, as an
illustration, incidentally, namely等。

  1. 关系词语或要害词汇:

11.There‘s no denying the fact that…确实无疑,无可以还是不可以认

  不问可见,考研复试时,得到难点后应立刻审题,积极思量,找好切人点,把讲话的框架打好腹稿,那样会使您的解说更具逻辑性。张开的措施便是使用因果法、定义法、例证法等。别的注意把握好音量、语速、语调、停顿,需与考官保持眼神交换,牢牢地抓住对方的集中力。在复试前的关键时代,我们自然要多练习与人交换的力量。祝大家考研复试顺遂,超过常规发挥,顺遂步向自身心仪的学校!

  递进:

12.Nothing is more important than the fact that… 未有啥比那更关键的是…

  源点:文都教育

  first, second, third…last; firstly, secondly, thirdly… finally; to
begin with, what’s more, in the end; first of all, then, next, moreover,
furthermore…, in the first place, in the second place, last but not
least

13.what‘s far more important is that… 更首要的是…

  举例:

二、衔接句型

  show, exemplify, illustrate, prove, indicate, exhibit, demonstrate,
for example, for instance, take …as an example, such as, like , a good
case in point

1.A case in point is … 二个第一名的例子是…

  因果:

2.As is often the case…由于平时状态下…

  cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, contribute to,
based on, because, since, now that, therefore, thus, consequently, owing
to, due to, through, because of, on account of, as a result, as a
consequence

3.As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述

  分类:

4.But the problem is not so simple.Therefore
不过难点并非那样简单,所以……

  arrange in two/three categories, be classified into a number of
groups, fall into the following kinds, be put into several groups,
consist of

5.But it‘s a pity that… 但缺憾的是…

  2. 句型及常用表明结构:

6.For all that…对于这一切…… In spite of the fact that…即使事实……

  举例:

7.Further, we hold opinion that… 此外,大家坚威武不能屈认为,…

  There are many examples to prove… Here I will cite just a few。

8.However , the difficulty lies in…不过,困难在于…

  There is enough/convincing /sufficient evidence to prove that…

9.Similarly, we should pay attention to… 相符,大家要专心…

  Just take …as an example。

10.not(that)…but(that)…不是,而是

  The case effectively clarifies the fact that …

11.In view of the present station。鉴于近期时局

  Though numerous examples can be given, this/these will be
sufficient。

12.As has been mentioned above…正如下边所涉嫌的…

  因果:

13.In this respect, we may as well (say) 从那一个角度上大家得以说

  There are several reasons for…

14.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is…
可是大家还得看看事物的一方面,即 …

  The reason why …can be traced to…

三、结尾句型

  The causes for …are as follows…

1.I will conclude by saying… 最后笔者要说…

  Therefore, we can draw/arrive at/reach/make the following
conclusion…

2.Therefore, we have the reason to believe that…由此,我们有理由相信…

  There are many causes/reasons for…. Firstly, …, secondly, …,
thirdly,…

3.All things considered,简单来说 It may be safely said
that…它能够有把握地说……

  …also contribute to the reason why…

4.Therefore, in my opinion, it‘s more
advisable…因而,以笔者之见,更可取的是…

  分类:

5.From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion
that…通过上述切磋,我们得以得出结论…

  …may be classified according to /on the basis of /depending on…

6.The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion
that…通过数量大家获取的定论是,…

  …may be divided into…

7.It can be concluded from the discussion
that…从中大家得以吸取那样的下结论

  (三)转

8.From my point of view, it would be better if…以小编之见……也许越来越好

  转折:

四、举例句型

  but, however, yet, instead, whereas, otherwise, nevertheless,
unfortunately

1.Let‘s take…to illustrate this。

  They may be right about …, but they seem to neglect the fact that…

2.let‘s take the above chart as an example to illustrate this。

  对比:

3.Here is one more example。

  just as, in comparison, like, similarly, likewise, correspondingly,
similar to, in contrast, on the other hand, on the contrary, unlike

4.Take … for example。

  There are some similarities/differences between…

5.The same is true of…

  We can compare …with …

6.This offers a typical instance of…

  …has something in common with…

7.We may quote a common example of…8.Just think of…

  By contrasting …and…

五、常用于引言段的句型

  …has little common with…

1.Some people think that … 某个人以为…To be frank, I can not agree with
their opinion for the reasons
below。爽直地说,作者无法同意他们的观点,理由如下。

  Although it is widely accepted that …, it is unlikely to be true
that…

2.For years, … has been seen as …, but things are quite different
now。多年来,……一向被视为……,但昨日的动静有不小的不一致。

  (四)合

3.I believe the title statement is valid because…
小编觉着那一个论点是确实无疑的,因为…

  1. 关系词汇或重要词汇:

4.I cannot entirely agree with the idea that …笔者无法完全同意这一见识的…
I believe…

  thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently; as a
result/consequence, in conclusion, in general, generally speaking, by
and large, on the whole, in a word, to sum up, in short/brief, briefly
speaking

5.My argument for this view goes as follows。笔者对那么些主题素材的观点如下。

  2. 句型及常用表明结构:

6.Along with the development of…, more and more…随着……的发展,更多…

  From discussions above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…

7.There is a long-running debate as to
whether…有叁个经年累月运行的反驳,是或不是…

  Only through these measures can we hope to solve the problem。

8.It is commonly/generally/widely/ believed /held/accepted/recognized
that…它平日是以为…

  Hence, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures to
stop/prevent…

9.As far as I am concerned, I completely agree with the former/ the
latter。就自己来说,小编完全同意前者/后面一个。

  I believe we can overcome the difficult through great efforts and we
will have a brighter future of…

10.Before giving my opinion, I think it is essential to look at the
argument of both sides。在付出笔者的观点早前,小编想有供给看看互相的论据。

  以上那个语汇、短语和句型对于考生来讲都以非常实用的作文素材,希望考生在考前好好复习一下,以便在试验中可以预知运用熟练。

六、表示相比较和对照的常用句型和表达法

1.A is completely / totally / entirely different from B。

2.A and B are different in some/every way / respect / aspect。

3.A and B differ in…

4.A differs from B in…

5.The difference between A and B is/lies in/exists in…

6.Compared with/In contrast to/Unlike A, B…

7.A…, on the other hand,/in contrast,/while/whereas B…

8.While it is generally believed that A …, I believe B…

9.Despite their similarities, A and B are also different。

10.Both A and B … However, A…; on the other hand, B…

11.The most striking difference is that A…, while B…

七、演绎法常用的句型

1.There are several reasons for…, but in general, they come down to
three major ones。有多少个原因……,但经常,他们能够归咎为七个至关心注重要的。

2.There are many factors that may account for…, but the following are
the most typical ones。有为数不菲要素或然占…,但以下是最特异的。

3.Many ways can contribute to solving this problem, but the following
ones may be most
effective。有众多主意可以缓和那个主题素材,但上面包车型大巴只怕是最有效的。

4.Generally, the advantages can be listed as
follows。平日的话,那么些优势能够列举如下。

5.The reasons are as follows。

八、因果推理法常用句型

1.Because/Since we read the book, we have learned a lot。

2.If we read the book, we would learn a lot。

3.We read the book; as a result / therefore / thus / hence /
consequently / for this reason / because of this, we‘ve learned a lot。

4.As a result of /Because of/Due to/Owing to reading the book, we‘ve
learned a lot。由于阅读那本书,大家早已学到了无数。

5.The cause of/reason for/overweight is eating too much。

6.Overweight is caused by/due to/because of eating too much。

7.The effect/consequence/result of eating too much is overweight。

8.Eating too much causes/results in/leads to overweight。
吃太多导致相当重。

九、段首万能句子

1。关于……大家有差别的观念。一些人感觉……

There are different opinions among people as to ____ 。Some people
suggest that ____。

2。俗话说(常言道)……,它是大家前辈的阅历,然则,就算在前些天,它在众多场馆依然适用。

There is an old saying______。It“s the experience of our
forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today。

3。未来,……,它们给我们的平日生活带来了比超级多种伤。首先,……;其次,……更为倒霉的是……

Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily
life.First, ____ Second,____。What makes things worse is
that______。

4。今后,……很普及,大多人垂怜……,因为……,其余(何况)……

Nowadays,it is common to ______。Many people like ______
because ______。Besides,______。

5。任何事物都是有两面性,……也不例外。(www.lz13.cn)它既有便利的一方面,也是有不利的意气风发边。

Everything has two sides and ______千赢国际娱乐登录中心 , is not an exception,it has
both advantages and disadvantages。

6。关于……大家的意见各不雷同,一些人认为(说)……,在她们看来,……

People‘s opinions about ______ vary from person to person.Some
people say that ______。To them,_____。

7。人类正面对着三个严重的主题材料……,这一个标题变得非常严重。

Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and
more serious。

8。……已产生年人的关注的火热话题,极度是在年青人在那之中,将引发刚烈的批驳。

______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the
young and heated debates are right on their way。

9。……在我们的经常生活中起着进一步首要的职能,它给咱们带来了许Dolly益,但同一时候也抓住部分严重的标题。

______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our
day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some
serious problems as well。

10。依据图片/数字/计算数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图能够观察……很醒目……,可是为啥呢?

According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar
graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______
while.Obviously,______,but why?

十、中间段落万能句子

1。相反,有一点人协理……,他们相信……,而且,他们感觉……

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___。At the same
time,they say____。

2。但是,笔者认为这不是解决……的好办法,譬如……最不佳的是……

But I don”t think it is a very good way to solve ____。For
example,____。Worst of all,___。

3。……对我们国家的迈入和建设是少不了的,(也是)极其重要的。首先,……并且……,最根本的是……

______is necessary and important to our country“s development and
construction.First,______。What”s more, _____。Most
important of all,______。

4。有多少个可供咱们秉承的主意。首先,我们能够……

There are several measures for us to adopt.First, we can______

5。面前蒙受……,大家应有利用意气风发多元行之有效的艺术来……一方面……,其他方面,

Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective
measures to______。For one thing,______For
another,______

6。早已应该拿骑行动了。譬喻说……,别的……全数那些主意料定会……

It is high time that something was done about it.For
example。_____。In addition。_____。All these measures will
certainly______。

7。为啥……?第3个原因是……;第1个原因是……;第五个原因是……总的来讲,……的尤为重要原因是由于……

Why______? The first reason is that ______。The second
reason is ______。The third is ______。For all this, the
main cause of ______due to ______。

8。不过,正如任何事物都有优劣多个地方同等,……也会有它的不利的其他方面,象……

However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides,
______also has its own disadvantages, such as ______。

9。就算如此,笔者信赖……更有益于。

Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous。

10。完全同意……这种思想(陈说),首要理由如下:

I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______。

十风姿浪漫、结尾万能句子

1。至于自个儿,在某种程度上自笔者同意后边的见识,作者感到……

As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some
extent.I think that ____。

2。一句话来讲,整个社会应当紧凑关怀……那一个难题。只好似此,大家能力在以往……

In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem
of ______。Only in this way can ______in the future。

3。但是,……和……都有它们各自的优势(好处)。比如,……,而……但是,把那多头绝比较,作者更侧向于(喜欢)……

But ______and ______have their own advantages.For example,
_____, while_____。Comparing this with that, however, I
prefer to______。

4。就本身个人来讲,作者相信……,由此,作者确信美好的前途正等着大家。因为……

Personally, I believe that_____。Consequently, I‘m confident that
a bright future is awaiting us because______。

5。随着社会的提升,……因而,急迫须要……借使每一种人都愿为社会进献自已的生机勃勃份力量,这些社会将在变得更其好。

With the development of society, ______。So it“s urgent and
necessary to ____。If every member is willing to contribute himself
to the society, it will be better and better。

6。至于本身(对自个儿来讲,就本身来说),小编认为……更合理。只好似此,大家手艺……

For my part, I think it reasonable to_____。Only in this way can
you _____。

7。对自己的话,笔者感觉有无法贫乏……原因如下:第风姿罗曼蒂克,……;
第二,……;最终……但相通至关心保养要的是……

In my opinion, I think it necessary to____。The reasons are as
follows.First _____。Second ______。Last but not
least,______。

8。在完整上很难说……是好仍旧坏,因为它在超级大程度上决议于……的山势。但是,就自己个人来说,小编发觉……

It is difficult to say whether _____is good or not in general as it
depends very much on the situation of______。However, from a
personal point of view find______。

9。总来讲之,大家能够掌握地得出结论……

From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the
conclusion that____。

10。要是大家不选拔有效的艺术,就或许调整不了这种动向,就能够自可是然一些意想不到的不良后果,所以,大家相应做的是……

If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and
some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do
is_____。

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